German intelligence agencies issued a warning to German companies that Iran is attempting to bypass restrictions on dual-use parts for its rocket and missile technology program, Reuters reported on Wednesday.
The document seen by Reuters reporters was distributed to the German firms selling technologies which are off limits to Iran, according to the nuclear agreement signed between Tehran and six world powers in 2015.
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The report was issued as the US President Donald Trump is expected to announce his final decision on certifying Iran’s compliance with the agreement, which saw Tehran curbing its nuclear program in exchange for lifting sanctions and diplomatic incentives.
Trump has heavily criticized the landmark deal, calling it an “embarrassment” and repeatedly asserting that Iran was not complying with the “spirit of the deal”.
Much of Washington’s grievances were caused by Iranian ballistic missile program testing. This program is framed within 2015 UN Security Council resolution, which allows Tehran to test missiles, but bans any activity concerning missiles designed to be capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
This document was a ceremonial addition to the nuclear deal, but technically exists separately from it, and therefore is not legally binding nor does it offer any mechanisms for enforcing its implementation.
While Iran sharply cut down on attempts to buy items for the nuclear program, the same activities regarding the development program remained unchanged, BfV intelligence agency said.
Regional intelligence agency’s reports from 2016 also recorded 32, mostly failed, Tehran’s attempts to buy proliferation-related equipment for its missile program, noting that Iran often used “a variety of front companies to acquire items, sending goods through Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and China.”